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Coding Patterns and Techniques in Sixth Graders' Block-Based Programming Projects

Thu, April 8, 2:00 to 3:00pm EDT (2:00 to 3:00pm EDT), SIG Sessions, SIG-Instructional Technology Poster Sessions


In order to develop computational thinking skills at the K-12 level, many introductory programming tools have been introduced. Among them, Scratch was broadly used at the elementary level for enhancing students' learning on computational thinking concepts and practices. In this study, we applied thematic analysis among the Scratch Scripts of different types of projects to explore the sixth graders' coding patterns and techniques. The results showed students successfully used the computational thinking concepts to actualize coding techniques in designed projects with structured instruction. However, we found some issues in their programming habits. The findings of this study inspired elementary teachers in teaching students the computational thinking concepts and practices.