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Democracy, Schooling, and Youth Participation: A Multilevel Analysis

Mon, April 12, 4:30 to 6:00pm EDT (4:30 to 6:00pm EDT), SIG Sessions, SIG-Democratic Citizenship in Education Paper and Symposium Sessions


Research on youth political socialization has failed to adequately contrast the effects of broader political contexts and the effects of democratic processes of schooling. Using the data from International Civics and Citizenship Study (ICCS) of 2016, we examine the relationship between adolescents’ civic participation in school and community (i.e., out of school) and national-level (democratic governance and democratic curricular policies) and school-level factors (democratic schooling and classroom practices) across 23 countries, employing Hierarchical Linear Modeling (HLM). Our preliminary results show that youth participation has significant relations to the democratic governance and democratic curricular policies at the national level as well as democratic schooling and classroom practices, controlling for other student, family, and school characteristics.