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Multilevel Analysis of the Factors Determining Punitive Discipline Practices and Their Relation With Ability Grouping

Mon, April 12, 4:30 to 5:30pm EDT (4:30 to 5:30pm EDT), Division L, Division L - Section 7 Roundtable Sessions


The purpose of this study is to analyze the associations between punitive discipline practices with student and school characteristics, with a special focus to the relationship with ability grouping. Results show that, women, high parental expectations, perception that going to school is important, school SES and percentage of indigenous people in school are the most important factors that decrease the likelihood of punitive discipline practices. On the other hand, grade retention, perception of parents that school is a waste of time, and school retention rate, are the factors that increase the likelihood of punitive discipline practices. Contrary to previous research, after controlling for individual and schooling variables, punitive practices are not correlated with academic ability grouping at different schooling levels.