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Contested Hegemony: Fatherhood Wage Effects across Two U.S. Birth Cohorts

Mon, August 14, 2:30 to 4:10pm, Palais des congrès de Montréal, Level 5, 516A

Abstract

Hegemonic masculinity is argued to account for net fatherhood wage premiums, but the ideal is constantly contested. We argue the socio-economic changes since the 1960s reduced net premiums and group variations therein across two birth cohorts of men drawn from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics. Fixed-effects models reveal that fathers’ net premium decreased across cohorts, whereas the structure of fathers’ occupational effects shifted. Consistent with color-blind racism, more of white fathers’ additional premium in the younger cohort is accounted for by non-racial variables. We conclude that the relative economic advantage of the hegemonic ideal can change over time.

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