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Given the protracted nature of the Syrian crisis, and the influx of Syrian refugees into Jordan, and the commitment by the Government of Jordan (GoJ) to ensure access for all refugee children into the national education system, the need for more coherence and alignment between the national development priorities and the humanitarian response is vital. Until 2018, the education sector had multiple, related and overlapping yet separate, strategies and plans. This meant that the capacity of the educational administration for targeted and specific action planning and effective and efficient monitoring, was stretched.
Additionally, the humanitarian response to the Syria crisis has prompted the development of various fora (Intersector Agency Task Force, Sector Working Groups) and humanitarian response plans (3RP Regional Refugee & Resilience Plan 2016-2017; The Jordan Response Platform to the Syria Crisis (JRPSC 2017-2019). The response plan includes a comprehensive education section with outcomes, indicators and activities to address issues related to improving access, quality and strengthening the national education system for refugees, but also for improving the resilience of the host communities. The outcomes and indicators of the humanitarian response plans partially overlap with those of the HRD Strategy and the goals of SDG4. This has created an unnecessarily complex system for the GoJ’s achievement towards the overall common goal of ensuring inclusive and equitable quality education for all.
However, the Jordanian MoE has taken leadership to ensure that the education system is on track for the improvement of quality education, so that all learners, including refugees, are better prepared for the employment and life skills, and acquire the knowledge, skills, attitudes and values required for education for prosperity. To this end, the MoE developed a strategic education sector plan in 2017.
The National Human Resources Development Strategy (2025) and goals outlined in the international Sustainable Development Goal 4 (SDG 4), and the results achieved through the Education Reform of the knowledge Economy (ERfKE) have provided the overarching framework for the development of this mid-term Education Plan.
The goals of the HRD strategy are to “enable the Kingdom to meet its goals for sustainable development, which includes the development of the nation in economic, cultural, social, and environmental terms” and to “ensure that current and future generations develop the skills and capabilities they need to live happy and fulfilled lives, and collectively realise the ambition of a prosperous and resilient Jordan”. In order to align this ESP with the HRD, the content of the HRD pillars were analyzed and discussed by six technical working groups. To organize these working groups and ensure coherence between the HRD and the ESP, several key themes were identified by regrouping the main HRD themes. The key domains that resulted from this were access, quality, human resources, system strengthening and ECD and TVET. This presentation will focus on the process used to develop the ESP, highlighting challenges and lessons learned.