In Event: Instituciones abiertas y políticas públicas colaborativas: laboratorios ciudadanos en acción
In North America and in Europe, democratic innovations are often new institutional designs that oscillate between new arenas for facilitated deliberation (mini-publics)and the quaint, old instruments of direct democracy, while in Latin America they have multifarious forms, and often combine deliberation with direct voting, e-participation, and citizen representation.
Based on a catalogue of 2500 democratic innovations identified by the new LATINNO dataset in eighteen Latin American countries, this paper proposes a typology of new institutional designs for citizen participation. Such typology is based on the primary and secondary means of participation (deliberation, citizen representation, direct voting, and e-participation) in combination with the ends which these democratic innovations aim for (accountability, responsiveness, political inclusion, social equality, and rule of law).
The paper identifies and explains twenty three types of new institutional designs for citizen participation, such as deliberative councils, management councils, participatory planning, multi-level policymaking, consultations, crowdsourcing legislation, collaborative administration, policymaking platforms, representative councils, oversight bodies, and participatory implementation processes. Moreover, this paper shows how these democratic innovations have evolved in different countries, and compares variations in their institutional designs.