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This poster will summarize the Panel Study of Income Dynamics’ Child Development Supplement (CDS) and Transition into Adulthood Supplement (TAS) as public-use data resources for studying well-being and development from infancy through early adulthood in a multi-cohort U.S. nationally-representative sample.
CDS comprises two cohorts of children, the first born between 1985 and 1997 and observed over up to three waves in 1997, 2002, and 2007 (N=3,563) and the second born between 1997 and 2013 and observed in 2014 (N=4,333). Sample children are drawn from families participating in the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID), the world’s longest-running household panel study. The first cohort includes up to two children per family; the second cohort includes all age-eligible children in PSID families.
At each wave, children’s primary caregivers and older children themselves responded to survey interviews covering content on the home environment, family functioning, and child academic performance, usual activities, physical and mental health, socioemotional well-being, and risky behavior. CDS also includes repeated assessments of children’s cognitive achievement and 24-hour time diaries providing the only national data source on children’s time use.
Since 2005, TAS has followed children from the original CDS cohort into early adulthood, collecting information over six biennial waves on their educational attainment, employment, family formation, social connectedness, and health and well-being. In 2017 and beyond, TAS is being expanded to include all PSID young adults between the ages of 18 and 27 years.
CDS and TAS are unique among social science data resources for exploring the intergenerational processes that shape children’s well-being and development and the lifecourse consequences of development during childhood. As a household panel study, PSID has followed the same families annually or biennially since its inception in 1968 and provides extensive family background information from up to four generations of CDS and TAS participants. PSID has added two major immigrant refresher samples, including the most recent one in 2017. Further, as CDS and TAS participants establish their own households, they become PSID respondents themselves. Thus, CDS and TAS may be used to study the unfolding process of human development across the life course over multiple birth cohorts and across generations.
This poster presentation will describe the design and content of CDS and TAS, review exemplar research findings, and highlight new research opportunities based on the availability of the 2014 wave of CDS and recent enhancements to the design and content of TAS.