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Psychological Disorders and Resilience among Adolescents Affected by Bomb Blasts in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria

Fri, March 22, 7:45 to 9:15am, Baltimore Convention Center, Floor: Level 1, Exhibit Hall B

Integrative Statement

After about a year of suspension of terrorists attacks Jos, Plateau State, the present research compared the differences in the manifestation of trauma, depression, anxiety and stress among affected and non-affected students in the 2013 and 2014 bomb blasts in some parts of Jos metropolis. The theory adopted for the study is Six hundred individuals belonging to six major wards i.e., three affected (Bauchi Road, Yan Taya, Gangare) and three non-affected (Mista Ali, Rantiya, and Hwolshe) participated in the study. Experience of Adolescents affected by Bomb Blasts (EAABB), Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale (DASS; Lovibond & Lovibond, 1994), The Ego Resiliency Scale (ER89 Scale (ER89; Block & Kremen, 1996) and Post Bomb Blasts Post Checklist (developed by authors) were used for data collection. Findings showed significant differences between affected and non-affected individuals as revealed by correlation and t-test analyses. Prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety and stress was high in individuals living in affected areas (n=150) compared to those living in non-affected areas (n=150). Ego resiliency among adolescents living in affected areas was inversely related with the levels of PTSD, Depression, Anxiety and Stress (n= 150).
Key words: Depression, Anxiety, Stress, Disaster, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

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