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Session Type: Paper Symposium
Across childhood and adolescence positive experiences with peers becomes increasingly salient and rewarding (Nelson et al., 2004). This developmental period also corresponds with increased rates of depression, social anxiety, and risk-taking behaviors (Kessler et al., 2012). Neuroscience-based research suggests these symptoms may be a consequence of altered neurocognitive mechanisms implicated in reward-based processing (Zald and Treadway, 2017). Yet, these relations are most commonly tested using non-social reward outcomes (i.e., money, food, points). Given that peers are a highly salient source of reward during childhood and adolescence, it is critical to test the specificity or generalizability of these relations within and across social and non-social domains. This symposium presents empirical work from four studies that measure response to reward across multiple domains (i.e., social and non-social contexts), levels of analysis (i.e., brain, behavior, eye tracking), and phases of development (i.e., early childhood through late adolescence), and relates those responses to symptoms of social dysfunction.
Paper 1 measures the effect of behavioral inhibition on attention towards social and non-social rewards in children as measured by mobile eye tracking during peer-based interactions. Paper 2 uses a novel paradigm to test relations between social anxiety and depressive symptoms and event-related potential responses to social and monetary reward in late adolescents. Paper 3 expands on this paradigm with fMRI to test relations between social anxiety and brain function in early adolescents. Paper 4 examines prospective relations between pubertal timing/tempo and fMRI-based measures of neural response to non-social reward and risky sexual behavior during mid adolescence.
Processing Social and Non-Social Rewards in the Peer Context: The Role of Temperament - Presenting Author: Alicia Vallorani, The Pennsylvania State University; Non-Presenting Author: Kayla M. Brown, The Pennsylvania State University; Non-Presenting Author: Xiaoxue Fu, The Pennsylvania State University; Non-Presenting Author: Kelley Gunther, Penn State; Non-Presenting Author: Leigha A. MacNeill, The Pennsylvania State University; Non-Presenting Author: Briana Ermanni, Pennsylvania State University; Non-Presenting Author: Kristin A Buss, The Pennsylvania State University; Non-Presenting Author: Koraly Pérez-Edgar, The Pennsylvania State University
The Electrocortical Response to Monetary and Social Feedback Differentially Relates to Depression and Social Anxiety Symptoms - Presenting Author: Brady Nelson, Stony Brook University; Non-Presenting Author: Johanna Jarcho, Temple University
I Knew They Weren’t Going to Like Me! Social Anxiety is Associated With Neural Response to Accurately Predicting Rejection - Presenting Author: Megan Quarmley, Temple University; Non-Presenting Author: Brady Nelson, Stony Brook University; Non-Presenting Author: Johanna Jarcho, Temple University
High-Risk Adolescent Girls’ Neural Response to Reward Varies With Pubertal Tempo and Predicts Risky Sexual Behavior - Presenting Author: Kristen Eckstrand, 1University of Pittsburgh; Non-Presenting Author: Morgan Lindenmuth, University of Pittsburgh; Non-Presenting Author: Rajpreet Chahal, University of California Davis; Non-Presenting Author: Amanda Guyer, University of California, Davis; Non-Presenting Author: Alison Hipwell, University of Pittsburgh; Non-Presenting Author: Kate Keenan, University of Chicago; Non-Presenting Author: Erika Forbes, University of Pittsburgh