Browse By Day
Browse By Time
Browse By Panel
Browse By Session Type
Browse By Topic Area
Session Type: Paper Symposium
Children grow up embedded in a social world. The associations between cognition and developmental psychopathology, supported by variation in brain-behavior connections, likely reflect how children engage with social relationships. Prior methods are typically contextually removed from the social interactions that children experience on a frequent basis, such as passive viewing static stimuli via computer paradigms. This symposium examines cognitive processes across semi-naturalistic social interactions using diverse methodological assessments (mobile eye-tracking, functional near infrared spectroscopy, and electroencephalography) and their associations with psychopathology risk.
Presentation 1 examines stationary and ambulatory attention patterns toward social stimuli using screen-based and mobile eye-tracking paradigms in 5- to 7-year-old children. High levels of parent-reported social withdrawal are related to greater sustained attention bias toward novel, and potentially ambiguous, social stimuli. Presentation 2 uses mobile eye-tracking to chart young children’s (Mage=5.88yrs) sustained attention during a challenging parent-child task. State space grids indicate that temperamentally-inhibited children remain in each behavioral state for a longer period of time, a preliminary indicator of dyadic rigidity. Presentation 3 uses fNIRS to examine interpersonal neural synchronization during a mildly frustrating parent-child task. Here, children with higher irritable temperament have greater difficulty achieving brain synchronization with their parent. In Presentation 4, children complete the Wrong Gift task, used to measure emotion regulation, while recording EEG. Frontal EEG asymmetry moderates the relation between maternal distress responses and child externalizing problems. Together, these presentations demonstrate the importance of studying links among multiple physiological and cognitive processes underlying social behaviors using more naturalistic paradigms.
Affect-biased Attention is Linked to Individual Differences in Social Withdrawal: A Multimodal Eye-tracking Investigation - Presenting Author: Xiaoxue Fu, The Pennsylvania State University; Non-Presenting Author: Leigha A. MacNeill, The Pennsylvania State University; Non-Presenting Author: Kristin A Buss, The Pennsylvania State University; Non-Presenting Author: Koraly Pérez-Edgar, The Pennsylvania State University
Using Mobile Eye-Tracking Methodology to Capture Parent-Child Dynamics in the Context of Anxiety Risk - Presenting Author: Leigha A. MacNeill, The Pennsylvania State University; Non-Presenting Author: Xiaoxue Fu, The Pennsylvania State University; Non-Presenting Author: Kristin A Buss, The Pennsylvania State University; Non-Presenting Author: Koraly Pérez-Edgar, The Pennsylvania State University
Investigating Parent-Child Brain Synchronization as a Risk Factor for Psychopathology - Presenting Author: Susan Perlman, University of Pittsburgh; Non-Presenting Author: Christina Hlutkowsky, University of Pittsburgh; Non-Presenting Author: Laurie S. Wakschlag, Northwestern University; Non-Presenting Author: Frank A Fishburn, University of Pittsburgh
State Frontal EEG Asymmetry Moderates the Association between Maternal Distress Responses and Child Externalizing Problems - Presenting Author: Ran Liu, Virginia Tech; Non-Presenting Author: Martha Ann Bell, Virginia Tech